Summer is here and so are the mosquitoes. The Trumbull Health Department encourages residents to take precautions and to be vigilant in preventing mosquito breeding areas around the home. There are many different types of mosquitos and they carry different types of diseases. The two mosquito diseases of concern for Connecticut residents are West Nile virus and Zika virus.
West Nile virus is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. The common house mosquito, Culex pipien, is considered to be the primary vector. West Nile can cause a range of symptoms, from very mild to severe, including high fever, headache, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, paralysis, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord). The elderly and those with compromised immune systems are most at risk. The risk of being infected with West Nile can be reduced by using insect repellent and wearing protective clothing to prevent mosquito bites.